THE SPRING FESTIVAL 春节

It is the 24th. of January 2020 in the Gregorian calendar, It is also the Chinese new year’s eve(last day of the pig year) according to the Chinese

Lunar calendar.

This picture was well captured. Enjoy this view as you continue reading about chūnjié

Chūn jié literally means the beginning of Spring hence ‘the spring festival’

The Lunar new year (year of the rat) falls on the 25th. of January 2020. A week or so before the new year every family is busy with preparations which include general cleaning and buying of special gifts and foodstuff for the spring festival. Family members away from home plan to travel back home to celebrate with loved ones.

Chúxī is the Lunar new year’s eve, also referred to as dàniányè. On this night family members reunite and gather a table to happily share niányèfàn/tuán yuán fàn(special new year’s eve meal)

happy spring festival! 春节快乐

#throughtossieslens #mandarinwithtossie

The meal shared on dàniányè is the most sumptuous you will ever have in one year. All types of delicious Chinese food will be displayed on the family dining table for each member to help themselves to. Fish is a must-have, commonly know has nián nián yǒuyú. The yú here means plenty and not fish. yú is used to ask the new year to bring with it everything the family needs in plenty.

After the hearty meal and drinks, family members will chat as they await the new year. At midnight, it does not matter whether you’re in the village or in the city, everyone rises up to welcome the new year, some people will set off fireworks that add beauty to this wintry night.

During this period adults will give young children yāsuìqián(money given as Lunar new year’s gift ) Children are difinitely the happiest lot during these festivities, the good food, new clothes, and then the gifts!!

From the first day of the new year to the fifth, the Chinese will pay a visit to loved ones. Whenever they meet they will always say ‘gōngxǐ! gōngxǐ!’ or ‘xīnnian hǎo!’

We all agree that the spring festival is the most important holiday for the Chinese.

Live, Learn and Love!!

African Countries and their Mandarin names

flags

Being African is a blessing and our motherland is blessed.

Let’s learn the names of The United States of Africa in Mandarin Chinese. Let me know if you think like myself and believe African countries should come together and become one.

List African countries by population(2020) according to

  1. Nigeria~尼日利亚 ní rì lì yà
  2. Ethiopia~埃色俄比亚 āi sè é bǐ yà
  3. Egypt~埃及āi jí
  4. Democratic Republic of Congo~刚果民主共和国 gāng guǒ mín zhǔ gòng hé guó
  5. Tanzania~坦桑尼亚 tǎn sāng ní yà
  6. South Africa~南非 nán fēi
  7. Kenya~肯尼亚 kěn ní yà
  8. Uganda~乌干达wū gān dá
  9. Algeria~阿尔及利亚ā ěr jí lì yà
  10. Sudan~苏丹sū dān
  11. Morocco~摩洛哥mó luò gē
  12. Angola~ ān gē lā
  13. Mozambique~莫桑比克mò sāng bǐ kè
  14. Ghana~加纳 jiā nà
  15. Somalia~索马里 suǒ mǎ lǐ
  16. Ivory Coast~象牙海岸 xiàng yá hǎi àn
  17. Madagascar~马达加斯加岛mǎ dá jiā sī jiā dǎo
  18. Cameroon~喀麦隆 kā mài lóng
  19. Burkina Faso~布基纳法索 bù jī nà fǎ suǒ
  20. Niger~尼日尔 ní rì ěr
  21. Malawi~马拉维 mǎ wéi
  22. Zambia~赞比亚 zàn bǐ yà
  23. Mali~马里 mǎ lǐ
  24. Senegal~塞内加尔 sāi nèi jiā ěr
  25. Zimbabwe~津巴布韦 jīn bā bù wéi
  26. Chad~乍得 zhà dé
  27. Tunisia~突尼斯 tū ní sī
  28. Guinea~几内亚 jǐ nèi yà
  29. Rwanda~卢旺达 lú wàng dá
  30. Benin~贝宁 bèi níng
  31. Burundi~布隆迪 bù lóng dí
  32. South Sudan~南苏丹 nán sū dān
  33. Eritrea~厄立特里亚国 è lì tè lǐ yà guó
  34. Sierra Leone~塞拉利昂 sāi lǎ lì áng
  35. Togo~多哥 duō gē
  36. Libya~利比亚 lì bǐ yà
  37. Central Africa Republic~中非共和国 zhōng fēi gòng hé guó
  38. Mauritania~毛里塔尼亚 máo lǐ tǎ ní yà
  39. Republic of Congo~刚果共和国 gāng guǒ gòng hé guó
  40. Liberia~利比里亚lì bǐ lǐ yà
  41. Namibia~纳米比亚 nà mǐ bǐ yà
  42. Botswana~博茨瓦纳 bó cí wǎ nà
  43. Lesotho~莱索托lái suǒ tuō
  44. The Gambia~冈比亚共和国 gāng bǐ yà gòng hé guó
  45. Gabon~加蓬 jiā péng
  46. Guinea Bissau~几内亚比绍 jǐ nèi yà bǐ shào
  47. Mauritius~毛里求斯 máo lǐ qiú sī
  48. Eswatini/Swaziland~ 斯威士兰sī wēi shì lán
  49. Equatorial Guinea~赤道几内亚chì dào jǐ nèi yà
  50. Djibouti~吉布提
  51. Comoros~科摩罗kē mó luó
  52. Cape Verde~佛得角fó dé jiǎo
  53. Sao Tome and Principe 圣多美与普林希比共和国shèng duō měi yú pǔ lín xī bǐ gòng hé guó
  54. Seychelles~塞舌尔 sài shé ěr

I have noticed there are a few more countries I left out;

Reunioun

Western Sahara

Mayotte

Saint Helena

Comment if you know their official Chinese names.

Thank you for reading this far.

 

 

 

 

 

Word Order part 1-Mandarin Chinese

Hello! 你好!

How are you doing? Life went from a hundred to zero in a blink of an eye!Corona virus disease should leave us all alone. Share with me what you are doing to remain sane and positive this season.

I want to believe y’all doing good, taking care of yourself and your loved ones. My prayers are with those who’ve lost a family member, a friend or just anybody you know to this virus. We shall overcome!

Today we will dive in to the pool of Mandarin Chinese grammar. Yeah the most boring thing while studying any language. Do not leave yet, answer the question below and things won’t be boring anymore.

Do you confuse these three pronouns in Mandarin?

我 wǒ, 你nǐ , 他/她/它 tā

I have a video illustrating which is which over on my youtube channel.Click to watch and please subscribe to see more uploads.

我 is I/me/myself

你 is you

他 is he/him and 她 is she/her 它 is it.

Those are three simple pronouns that you should master to be able to have the simplest of conversations with chinese speakers. Look out for a post elaborating more on these and the other pronouns.

A sentence consists of elements that generallly make up the sentence structure. The list below has all the six elements with underlined examples in sentences;

  1. 主语zhǔ yǔ~this is the subject in a sentence. for example; (i)喜欢苹果( xǐhuān pingguǒ) I like apples. (ii)在看我的视频( zài kàn wǒ de shìpín)You are watching my video. (iii) 他/她睡觉(shuìjiào) (iv)去肯尼亚了( qù kěnníyǎle) He/She went to Kenya.(v)今天是星期三(jīntiān shì xīngqísān) Today is Wednesday (vi)这里是我家(zhèlǐ shì wǒ jiā) Here is my home (vii)手机没电了(shǒujī méi diàn le) The phone has no charge (viii)今年发现冠状肺炎(jīnnián fāxiàn guānzhuàng fèiyán) The Corona virus disease was discovered this year.
  2. 谓语wèi yǔ ~ this is element that says something about 主语.It is the predicate. For example (i)我是Tossie (ii)她看电影 iii今年发现冠状病毒了
  3. 宾语bīn yǔ~ this is the object in a sentece, it is the elemnt affected by the action (i)他去肯尼亚
  4. 定语dìng yǔ~this is a modifierfor the subject or the object
  5. 状语zhuàng yǔ it is described as an adverbial modifier.
  6. 补语bǔ yǔ~It refers to the complement that describes a verb or adjective.

Let’s now look at the Rules governing Chinese word order, one of the most important factors of grammar.

1.Subject+Predicate+Object

2.Attributive comes before Subject or Predicate

3. Adverbial comes before a verbal predicate or the adjective predicate

4. Complement comes after the verbal predicate or adjective predicate

That was complicated to put together, I hope you have learnt something nonetheless. Let me know if you have any questions.

Thank you for reading this far…:-)

Let’s be internet friends. Links to meeting me on these social media streets are below.

http://facebook.com/Chinerechi

Must Know-Mandarin Chinese Basic Knowledge

If you are sitting there wondering where to start your mandarin Chinese course, beat yourself up no more. Here is a break down of what this interesting and most spoken language in the world entails.

Read through and let me know if you have any questions.

Each 汉子(hàn zi) has one syllable. A syllable with a 声调 (shēng diào) is what you use to pronounce chinese words. Let’s look at a syllable in detail;

It’s made up of three parts.

1.Initial 声母(shēng mǔ) 2.Final 韵母(yùn mǔ) and 3.Tone 声调 (shēng diào)

for example; w+ǒ= wǒ 我 which means I/Me/Myself

Note: Not all syllables have initials.

Can you guess which ones are the initials and which ones are the finals?

In the English language we have consonants and vowels. You can equate intials to consonants and finals to vowels.

Initials are shown in table 1 below:

To be able to pronounce the initials a final is added to it but in this case we do not form a syllable but the name of the initial.

[Initial] +[o][Initial] +[e][Initial] +[e][Initial] + [i][Initial] +[i][Initial]+ [i]
bdgjzhz
ptkqchc
mnhxshs
flr
Table 1

Finals are shown in table 2 below

aaiaoanangeeienengoouong
iiaiaoianiangieiningiouiong
uuauaiuanuangueiuenuenguo
üüanüeün
Table 2

Learnt something? Great!

It is a little bit complicated but do not worry. Keep reading, your girl here will break it down to small bites.

Hello!你好!

It’s been a while, trust you’re keeping well. I missed writing. Life happened and everything took a downward trajectory.

I want to believe you are washing your hands, exercising social distancing and staying at home as long as you possibly can. I know humans will beat this dreaded Corona Virus. Yes! We shall get out of this alive and stronger than ever.

I also wish to inform you that I have been posting #MandarinwithTossie Videos over there on youtube and you can check them out at

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCSYZRDUXehdfc-eIaFak3kA?view_as=public

Below are some of the uploads where I shared useful phrases to help you improve your Mandarin Chinese language.

Stay safe and believe things will get better sooner than later.

Let’s be internet friends. Links to meeting me on these social media streets are below.

https://www.instagram.com/tossie_able/

http://facebook.com/Chinerechi

THIRTY AFTER THIRTY

Happy hump day love!

It’s been ages, I have been procrastinating again. May that spirit be defeated in Jesus name!! Holy ghost Fire!!!

Here is a list of a few among the many things I have learnt and would love to remember each day of my life.

1. I don’t have to complain about every little thing that doesn’t go right. Some might be the blessings in disguise.Learnt this the best way from my husband’s experience, we were late to head out for Concour d’legance,so we left the house hurriedly, somewhere on the way,I discovered we hadn’t carried the camera and who goes for such an event without it?I requested we take a u-turn and go back.Hubby started complaining about how much time I had wasted getting ready and here I am asking to go back…He even complained that on that stretch of the road there is no u-turn and he had to break the law by turning at a place he was not supposed to.Long story short,we went back home, I was the one to go back into the house because I am the one who supposedly had forgotten the camera. Quickly rushed in and out of the house with the camera.Lo! and behold the car refused to start!! We had to take a cab to the venue and hubby kept saying “thank God ulisahau Camera juu gari ingezima na hii jam yote tungetoboa kutoka kweli?!” that’s “thank God you forgot the camera because getting stuck in this traffic with a faulty car would be a real hustle.”

2. I can choose to have peace of mind and ignore the surrounding environment.headphones on!?Get that song on full blast, or just count backwards from one hundred in my mother tongue!

3. Walking and stretching is life, sitting been killing me slowly. Thank God I was able to realize this early enough.

4. Don’t trust influencers and social media and mainstream media at all. I don’t even have to say a thing about this.

5. Build genuine relationships with the right people and live an authentic life by choosing to speak my truth. 

6. My actions can inspire someone to change so I should watch I do.

7. Think of myself always, not to mean I should be mean.

8. Be kind and loving to everyone but be smart enough to establish healthy boundaries in my relationships with them.

 9. Perfection isn’t as glamorous as I imagine,it’s boring.

 10. I should Stay patient and trust my instincts.

11. Look for the beauty in old because new isn’t always better.
 
11. Material things can be taken away at any moment,let go of my attachment to what I possess.

11. Worry has never won a medal.Avoid it.

13.Look fear in the eye and in so doing I’ll overcome it.

14. Those who choose to hurt others are badly hurt themselves.

15. Find my tribe and love them harder.

 16. There’s no such thing as a perfect relationship.

17. Sharing with others might be scary but it’s important to show the real you.important to allow them join in on the journey.

 18. You might die any moment,be prepared.

19. The food on advertisement picture does not depict your real food.

20. You can be in love with someone and still be mad at them.

 21. Lemonade you make out of bitter lemons might still be bitter if your attitude is not sweet.

 22. Never lose sleep because of anyone.

23. Prayer to whatever supernatural being you believe helps calm you down in hard times.

24. It’s all in the now.

25. Do not waste time stressing over lost money or opportunities,you can always get them back, but time can never be recovered.

 26. Forgiveness isn’t about others, it’s about letting go of your own pain.

 27. It is okay to call in sick sometimes,your body needs that rest.

 28. When feeling stressed or nervous breathe in and out a couple of times and affirm to yourself that all shall be well.

 29. Avoid arguments with people who think they are more important.

 30. Work has to be put in wherever,it only gets easier if you passionate about your work.

 31. Don’t work too hard to rub it in.

32. Be around people who aren’t the same as you.


1.Live! 2.Learn! 3.Love! 

That was a long one!Thanks for reading. I hope you have something to take away from this post.

PS

I know you did not even notice I repeated eleven three times. like seriously! I did not notice it too. It is my birth date.. 11 three times because you know, third floor should be a big deal!

Receive hugs from me. XOXOXO and then go watch the video on you-tube

ESSENTIAL KITCHEN TOOLS-厨具/Chinese Kitchen Vocabulary

Hello!! 你好!

If you love Chinese food,you’ll enjoy this post. At the end of reading through it, you’ll know the Chinese names for some important equipment/tools/items found in the Kitchen, a Chinese Kitchen.

Before we get into the vocabulary list, let me just tell you a story about my very first Chinese meal.

I was lucky to receive a scholarship to study abroad, in the world’s most populous country. I left everything and everyone to go get a degree.

It must have been around the 4th of September 2008, I was aboard a train. Travelling from Beijing北京(běi jīng) to Chongqing重庆(chóng qìng), a city in the Southwest西南(xī nán) . I was probably the only African非洲人(fēi zhōu rén) in this train.

A thirty six hour trip in a train with everyone coming to your cubicle to check on you just because you have a different skin color is not only exhausting but also scary. I could not speak their language, they couldn’t speak English. They stared, exchanged words with my cubicle mates then left, one after the other.

Long story short, I became hungry饿(è) and I didn’t know how to order the foods from the people pushing the trolleys along the aisle. The aroma from those foods hit my nostrils a number of times. This made my tummy groan in desperation绝望(jué wàng). When I couldn’t bear no more, I stretched my hand from my soft sleeper软卧(ruǎn wò) towards the cubicle door as one trolley pusher walked by. I was holding a Chinese note. it must have been a 50 RMB note. I gave it to her and pointed at the trolley.

I received a disposable plate full of rice with red and yellowish patches (came to learn that was spicy egg fried rice鸡蛋炒饭-辣的(jī dàn chǎo fàn-là de) Very important lesson here”Ask and it shall be given unto you” It doesn’t matter the mode of asking.

I was ready to devour, hunger pangs!!

On top of the food was a pair of wooden sticks in a thin polythene wrapping. They call them 筷子(kuài zi) I was supposed to eat with them. This village girl had no experience eating with chopsticks. The lady who was at the bottom berth下铺(xià pù) was kind enough to show me how to hold them by grabbing them from my hand and illustrating how to. Sign language was our medium of communication from that moment on.

That meal was exremely spicy, the chef probably added rice and eggs to a pot of cooking pepper. The chopsticks weren’t helping the situation too.

Whether I ate the food or not will be a story for another day.Let’s get into today’s post.

  1. Wok &Lid 炒菜锅 (chǎo cài guō) & 盖子 (gài zi)
  2. Wok ‘shovel’ 锅铲 (guō chǎn)
  3. Rice cooker 电饭 煲 (diàn fàn bāo )
  4. Pressure Cooker 高压锅 ( gāo yā guō )
  5. Cleaver 切菜刀(qiē cài dāo)
  6. Chopping board 切菜板(qiē cài bǎn)
  7. Mortar and pestle 研钵及研杵 (yán bō jí yán chǔ)
  8. chopsticks  筷子 (kuài zi)
  9. A Ladle 汤勺 (tāng sháo)
  10. soup spoon 汤匙(tāng chí)
  11. rice bowl 饭碗 (fàn wǎn)
  12. Bamboo steamer 竹蒸笼 (zhú zhēng lóng)
  13. Scoop Strainer 漏勺 ( lòu sháo )
  14. Garlic crusher 压蒜器 (yā suàn qì )
  15. Potato masher 压土豆神器 ( yā tǔ dòu shén qì )

This is not an exhaustive post, I am planning to have a Chinese Kitchen Tour video uploaded in October. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCSYZRDUXehdfc-eIaFak3kA?view_as=subscriber

Learn and Love!!

QUESTIONS CHINESE ASK LAOWAI/FOREIGNER IN CHINA/AFRICAN EDITION

Hello!你好!

We have another blog post again. Huzza!!!我们又有一篇博客帖子。好哇

If you have been to China you totally understand how Chinese like to ask the questions listed below. If you have never been to China and probably are planning a visit, be prepared for these commonly asked questions.

Wow!You can speak Chinese?!! 哇瑟!你会说中文?wāsè! Nǐhuì shuō zhōng wén?!!

How long have you been in China? 你来中国多久了? Nǐ lái zhōng guó duō jiǔ le?

Is it difficult to learn Chinese?学中文很难吗?xué zhōng wén hěn nán ma?

How old are you? 你多大? Nǐ duō dà?

Do you like China? 你喜欢中国吗? Nǐ xǐ huan zhōng guó ma?

Do you have children? 你有孩子吗? Nǐ yǒu hái zi ma?

Are you married? 你结婚了吗 ? Nǐ jié hūn le ma?

Why aren’t you married yet? 你为什么还没结婚? Nǐ wèi shén me hái méi jié hūn

Do you have a boyfriend/girlfriend? 你有男朋友/女朋友吗? Nǐ yǒu nán péng you/nǚ péng yǒu ma?

Did you catch a cold? 你感冒了吗? Nǐ gǎn mào le ma?

Do you like Chinese food? 你喜欢中国菜吗? Nǐ xǐ huan zhōng guó cài ma?

Do you know how to use chopsticks? 你会用筷子吗? Nǐ huì yòng kuài zi ma?

Your country is hotter than Chongqing right? 你们国家比重庆热,对吗? Nǐ men guó jiā bǐ Chóng Qìng rè

why did you choose to come to China? 你为什么选择来中国? Nǐ wèi shén me xuǎn zé lái zhōng guó?

your parents must be having alot of money right? 你父母一定很有钱吧? Nǐ fù mǔ yī dìng hěn yǒu qián ba.

Why do you have such long legs? 你为什么有这么长的腿? Nǐ wèi shén me yǒu zhè me cháng de tuǐ?

Why do you have a very nice figure? 你为什么身材这么好? Nǐ wèi shén me shēn cái zhè me hǎo?

Is this your real hair? 这是你的真头发吗? Zhè shì nǐ de zhēn tóu fa ma?

Why is your skin this black? 你的皮肤为什么这么黑? Nǐ de pí fū wèi shén me zhè me hēi?

Are you from Africa? 你来自非洲吗? Nǐ lái zì fēi zhōu ma?

Are you African? 你是非洲人吗? Nǐ shì fēi zhōu rén ma?

Learn and Love!!

Let’s be internet friends. Links to meeting me on these social media streets are below.

http://facebook.com/Chinerechi

QUESTIONS CHINESE ASK LAOWAI/FOREIGNER IN CHINA/AFRICAN EDITION

Hello!你好!

We have another blog post again. Huzza!!!我们又有一篇博客帖子。好哇

If you have been to China you totally understand how Chinese like to as the questions listed below. If you have never been to China and probably are planning a visit, be prepared for these commonly asked questions.

Wow!You can speak Chinese?!! 哇瑟!你会说中文?wāsè! Nǐhuì shuō zhōng wén?!!

How long have you been in China? 你来中国多久了? Nǐ lái zhōng guó duō jiǔ le?

Is it difficult to learn Chinese?学中文很难吗?xué zhōng wén hěn nán ma?

How old are you? 你多大? Nǐ duō dà?

Do you like China? 你喜欢中国吗? Nǐ xǐ huan zhōng guó ma?

Do you have children? 你有孩子吗? Nǐ yǒu hái zi ma?

Are you married? 你结婚了吗 ? Nǐ jié hūn le ma?

Why aren’t you married yet? 你为什么还没结婚? Nǐ wèi shén me hái méi jié hūn

Do you have a boyfriend/girlfriend? 你有男朋友/女朋友吗? Nǐ yǒu nán péng you/nǚ péng yǒu ma?

Did you catch a cold? 你感冒了吗? Nǐ gǎn mào le ma?

Do you like Chinese food? 你喜欢中国菜吗? Nǐ xǐ huan zhōng guó cài ma?

Do you know how to use chopsticks? 你会用筷子吗? Nǐ huì yòng kuài zi ma?

Your country is hotter than Chongqing right? 你们国家比重庆热,对吗? Nǐ men guó jiā bǐ Chóng Qìng rè

why did you choose to come to China? 你为什么选择来中国? Nǐ wèi shén me xuǎn zé lái zhōng guó?

your parents must be having alot of money right? 你父母一定很有钱吧? Nǐ fù mǔ yī dìng hěn yǒu qián ba.

Why do you have such long legs? 你为什么有这么长的腿? Nǐ wèi shén me yǒu zhè me cháng de tuǐ?

Why do you have a very nice figure? 你为什么身材这么好? Nǐ wèi shén me shēn cái zhè me hǎo?

Is this your real hair? 这是你的真头发吗? Zhè shì nǐ de zhēn tóu fa ma?

Why is your skin this black? 你的皮肤为什么这么黑? Nǐ de pí fū wèi shén me zhè me hēi?

Are you from Africa? 你来自非洲吗? Nǐ lái zì fēi zhōu ma?

Are you African? 你是非洲人吗? Nǐ shì fēi zhōu rén ma?

Learn and Love!!

Let’s be internet friends. Links to meeting me on these social media streets are below.

http://facebook.com/Chinerechi

Do what makes your soul shine. 去做能让你的灵魂感到开心的事情吧!

Hello! 你好!

好久不见!It’s been a long time.

It is september already!已经九月了!

This year is almost over.今年很快就结束了

Anyway, I hope you are happy. 不管怎么样我希望你开心的

From the title it is important to note that the soul is one’s most important aspect in life. 一看标题可以看出,灵魂是生命中最重要的部分 。

It’s a part of a person, that is not physical, that experiences emotions and deep feelings. 是人的一部分,但不是 身物质的,而是接受情感和深刻感受的一部分。

Your soul needs protection to avoid negative effects on your emotions. 你的灵魂需要保护,以避免对你的情绪的负面影响

Here is how to; 以下是如何 ;

1.Glow with love and let your light illuminate your surroundings. 用爱的光芒照亮你的周围 .

2.Get your breathing rhythm on whenever you are in a place of negativity. 当你处于消极的状态时,保持呼吸的节奏

3.Visualise yourself in a good mood, imagine that heavenly feeling of having it all. 想象自己处于一个好心情,想象拥有一切天堂般的感觉.

4.Accept that you cannot control everything. 接受这样的事实,你不能掌控一切.

5.Have Faith in God’s power and wisdom over all His creation. 相信神在祂所造的一切之上都有权能和智慧.

Let’s be internet friends. Links to meeting me on these social media streets are below.

https://www.instagram.com/tossie_able/

http://facebook.com/Chinerechi